THE electronic NORTH CAROLINA MASON July/August, 1993 vol.1 #3 The stripped-down, online version of the real thing Volume CXVII No. 4
Published every other month, The NC Mason is the official publication of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina, AF&AM. The opinions expressed in this publication are not necessarily those of the Grand Lodge or Board of Publication.
Board of Publication Dalton Mayo, chairman; Reynold Davenport, James E. Stratton, J. Carroll Simmons, and H. Lloyd Wilkerson.
EDITOR Ric Carter 126 Arbor Drive Washington, NC 27889 AOL: RicC
Articles are by the editor unless "by" appears after the article. Other citations are for source of information.
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12,000 MASONS AND FRIENDS CELEBRATE SAINT JOHN'S DAY Oxford Once again, the usually peaceful piedmont town of Oxford was invaded by large numbers of folks intent on a good time. Thousands of members of the Masonic family converged on the campus of Oxford Orphanage to celebrate St. John's Day. Early threats of thunderstorms passed quickly, turning into a perfect day for the festivities. A gentle breeze eased through the oak-shaded grounds. Lots of people showed up early. Most of the campus curb-side viewpoints for the parade were staked out by nine o'clock. As start time approached, the street was lined all the way from the Orphanage into town. The Oxford Orphanage Choir opened the action just before the parade began. Director Teresa Heidepriem and pianist Kathy Webb did their usual great job of preparing the talented youngsters. Then it was off to the races as Amran, Sudan, and Oasis temples of the Shrine showed off their finest parade units. A crowd estimated at 12,000 to 15,000 was on campus for the afternoon's fun. The Grand Lodge officers played it smart and led the parade rather than followed it. For an hour-and-a-half, batch, after group, after clutch, after collection, after set, after party, after band, after choir, after bevy, after pack, after conclave, not to mention companies, collections, bundles, and clusters of Shriners in every imaginable costume and vehicle marched, pranced, and zoomed past the smiling crowd. There were clowns, a giant, degenerate hillbillies, a funeral procession, and scads of tiny trucks, cars, and boats. There were brass bands, oriental bands, and Scottish bands. There were thousands of smiles lining the route. The Welcomaires Quartet took the stage to sing the crowd off to a free lunch. More than a dozen lines formed behind the administration building. They filed into the tents set up a day earlier by Shrine cooks. The crowd took on 8,352 plates of fried chicken, potato salad, slaw, and rolls. Almost 1,200 gallons of iced tea was sucked up by the thirsty crowd. Most of the folks had given up their territory claimed for eating purposes, and more than a few naps were under way in shady corners, as The Spurrlows took the stage. There was lots of dancing and several styles of song as they roused the crowd. Billy Joe Royal, known by many from the country music charts and by others from his top forty hit days, was the headline act. There was a hefty contingent of his fans on hand to lead the cheering. Some couples danced, many patted feet and rocked in their lawn chairs as the music went on into the afternoon. The entire staff of the Orphanage was on hand performing the many tasks necessary to make such a large event possible. Lloyd Young must be given special mention for his usual outstanding job as chairman of the St. John's Day Commitee. All concerned are to be congratulated for their continued dedication to caring for our kids at Oxford Orphanage. This was, as usual, the largest Masonic event of the year in North Carolina. Plan on being there next year. Bring friends and family. It's a great place for children as well as old-timers. See you next year.
ORPHANAGE SUPERINTENDENT GRISSOM RECEIVES MONFORT AWARD Raleigh In a surprise presentation at Grand Lodge Annual Communication, then-Grand Master Ray Norris presented Reverend David Grissom the Joseph Montfort Medal. Grissom has been the superintendent of Oxford Orphanage since January, 1989. This highest honor bestowed by the Grand Lodge of North Carolina is given for "distinguished Masonic service or achievement." Grissom is deserving on both counts. No more than three Monforts may be awarded during the tenure of any grand master.
SEARCH BEGINS FOR FOUNDATION DEVELOPMENT DIRECTOR The hiring of a developmental director for the North Carolina Masonic Foundation was approved at the Grand Lodge Annual Communication in April. The director's job will be to assist the Grand Lodge and blue lodges in efforts to finance the Masonic charities at Oxford Orphanage and the Masonic and Eastern Star Home in Greensboro. The preliminary stages of the search for the right man are beginning now. H. Lloyd Wilkerson, sovereign grand inspector general of Scottish Rite in North Carolina, has been appointed chairman of the search committee. Wilkerson is inviting anyone who wishes to apply for consideration to send all pertinent information both biographical and professional to the following address: H. Lloyd Wilkerson P.O. Box 1553 Jacksonville, NC 28541-1553
WILLIAM LEE MILLS III NAMED GRAND STEWARD Grand Master R.G. "Rick" Moore has appointed William Lee Mills III to a steward's chair in the Grand Lodge line. He follows in the footsteps of his late father, Bill Mills Jr., who served as North Carolina's grand master in 1974. Mills was born in Concord on July 20, 1954 to William L. Mills Jr. and Ruby Spainhour Mills. He is a 1974 graduate of McCallie School in Chattanooga, Tennessee. His 1977 Bachelor of Arts degree is in physics and philosophy from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. He attended law school at Wake Forest University, graduating in 1980. While a student there he belonged to the Law Review, Moot Court Board, International Order of Barristers, and Phi Alpha Delta Legal Fraternity. He has practiced law in Concord since 1980. He is a board certified specialist in probate and estate planning, and concentrates his practice on small business and taxation. Mills is a deacon and the assistant treasurer of First Baptist Church. He serves on the Citizens Advisory Council at Jackson Training School and as a director at Cabarrus Academy. He is on the Board of Directors of Union Street Corp. He is a past director of the Concord Rotary Club. The former Patricia Reid Hoover, president and owner of Ephraim Marsh Furniture Catalog, has been his wife for ten years. They have a seven-year-old son, William L. Mills IV. Mills was raised in Stokes 32 in Concord on March 22, 1976. He served as master there in 1986. He is an honorary member of Old Town 751 in Winston-Salem. He is a life member of Lewis Hartsell Chapter of DeMolay. He has been a member of Oasis Temple of the Shrine since 1986. He has been a York Rite Mason since 1981. He served as sovereign master of Robert The Bruce Council 4 of the Allied Masonic Degrees in 1987. In the Scottish Rite, which he joined in 1980, he has been a ritual worker in the 27th and 30th degrees for 11 years. He was made Knight Commander of the Court of Honor in 1989. Mills has served in several Grand Lodge posts, He was on the Committee for Charters and Dispensations from 198487, chairing for one year. He is currently a member of the Committee on Masonic Jurisprudence and the Code Indexing Committee. He is chairman of the Lodge Service Commission which he joined in 1986.
YOUNG AND OLD MEET AT SCOTTISH RITE REUNION Winston-Salem Freemasonry is wonderful when it comes to bringing the diverse together. The Winston-Salem Scottish Rite bodies conferred their 32― on 22 candidates at their Spring Reunion in April. Among those initiates were ages about as far apart as you can get at a Masonic gathering. Rev. Augustus Calvin Peeler is a retired minister in the United Church of Christ. He was raised in 1921 in Greenville, Virginia. He is now 100 years old. Terrance Wayne Brown is only 21. He was raised in March by Mocksville 134. Brown was perhaps destined for Masonry after spending several years as a very active member of the Winston- Salem Chapter of DeMolay. Lloyd Wilkerson, sovereign grand inspector general for North Carolina Scottish Rite, presented them with their rings. See? It's not too late or too early for you to do something if you want.
ERVIN PORTRAIT FACSIMILE BOUND FOR RALEIGH Raleigh Just before Christmas last year, North Carolina filled its "favorite son" spot on the Hall of Honor at Scottish Rite headquarters in Washington, DC. The late Senator Sam Ervin Jr. was chosen for the distinction. In appreciation for the support shown by the Masons of our state, the Scottish Rite is sending a facsimile of that portrait back to us. It will be hung in the Grand Lodge offices in Raleigh. The presentation is scheduled for September 3 at 3 p.m. at the Grand Lodge offices at 2921 Glenwood Avenue. The master and members of Catawba Valley 217, Ervin's home lodge, will participate in the ceremonies. The featured speaker will be James G. Exum Jr., chief justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court. Exum served as grand orator in 199192. All who wish to attend are welcome.
YORK RITE AND SHRINE TO HOLD JOINT FESTIVAL Charlotte North Carolina will celebrate its second One-Day York Rite-Shrine Festival in August. The first such event was held last year in Fayetteville and was a bigger success than anyone had expected. They expect this year's edition to be even better. Your opportunity to become a member of either or both of these fine organizations in a single day will be Saturday, August 21 at the Oasis Temple in Charlotte. It'll also be your chance to join on the same day as festival honoree, Senator Jesse Helms. You won't have to return to Charlotte for any meetings because your membership will be in the body nearest your home. Most local York Rite bodies have agreed on a $125 fee for initiation. You should check on that figure for your individual group. Cost for Shrine is $200 and includes the cost of your fez. Oasis Temple seats 1,500, so there's plenty of room for all. You'll be able to get meals there also. For complete information contact Kolen Flack Grand Recorder 80 Broadway Asheville, NC 28801 (704) 253-1396
EMERGENT COMMUNICATIONS OF GRAND LODGE There were two emergent communications of the Grand Lodge in March. On March 6, Grand Lodge was convened in Clyde for the dedication of the new building of Clyde 453. Joe Clark, master of the lodge, served as master of ceremonies. The oration was delivered by then-Grand Master Ray Norris. Grand Lodge was again opened on March 20 to lay the cornerstone of the new Charlotte York Rite Temple. Speakers at the ceremony included Ann Hammond, mayor pro tem of Charlotte; and C.W. Kidd, sheriff of Mecklenburg County. A box of Masonic memorabilia was placed in the cornerstone. Lodge opening and closing was performed at Joppa 530.
MASONS TO TAKE PART IN UNIVERSITY BICENTENNIAL Chapel Hill The University of North Carolina, the nation's first public university, will celebrate the 200th anniversary of its opening in October. As many of you know, the university was laid out in the shape of a Masonic lodge. The cornerstone of its first building, Old East, was dedicated in a large Masonic ceremony presided over by founder of the University and Grand Master of North Carolina William R. Davie. That cornerstone will be rededicated by Freemasons on University Day. University 408 will open an emergent communication at 9 a.m., Tuesday, October 12, 1993. They will then proceed to campus to participate in the University's celebration. All Master Masons are invited. For more information contact Elliott Warnock at (919) 942- 8888.
HORSE SHOW SET FOR 22ND DISTRICT "Some of the finest horse and rider competition in central North Carolina" is expected when the 22nd Masonic District holds its Third Annual Benefit Horse Show. It's scheduled for Saturday, September 18 at the Franklinton Saddle Club. The first of over 25 CCWHA approved classes is scheduled to begin competition at 1:00 p.m. Proceeds will be divided between the Masonic and Eastern Star Home and Oxford Orphanage. Last year's event made $3,000 for the same charities. Franklinton 123, Wake Forest 282, Youngsville 377, Granville 380, and James A. Johnson 413 sponsor the horse show. Franklin Saddle Club is four miles northwest of the intersection of US 1 and NC 96. There will be signs helping direct you. The rain date is Sunday, September 19 at 1:00 p.m.
GRAND LODGE RECEIVES HAND-CRAFTED FURNITURE The Grand Lodge got some new furniture at Annual Communication. There were new pedestals for the grand master and wardens, warden's columns, and engraved granite tops for the pedestals and altar. All were hand-made by North Carolina Masons. The grand master's pedestal was presented in memory of Oscar Bass, a member of Bilbro 716 in Birmingham, Alabama. The wardens' pedestals were in memory of Robert Bain Jenkins of Holland 668 in Gastonia. The hardwood pedestals were made by J. Ralph Pinion of Steele Creek 737 and Oscar Bass Jr. of West Gate 738. Abner B. Fortner Jr. of Charles M. Setzer 693 presented granite tops for the pedestals and altar. They are emblazoned with the seal of the Grand Lodge. The wardens' columns and carrying case were designed and made by Oscar Bass Jr. and Robert J. Sizemore of West Gate 738.
BLUE LODGE DOINGS IN THE STATE JACKSONVILLE Semper Fidelis 680 held their March open house at a Saturday morning breakfast table. They expected to pick up a few petitions from the event. In May, they also had a special program and covered dish dinner to honor the ladies for Mother's Day. Semper Fidelis Lodge. * * * * GRANDY Currituck 463 and Manteo 521 co-hosted a golf tournament at Goose Creek Country Club in Grandy. The lodges raised a total of $1,000 on the nine-hole course. Oxford Orphanage will get the money. They had so much success and fun, they are already planning to make it an annual affair. They should have twice as much fun next year when the course is expanded to a full 18 holes. More Light. * * * * MANTEO Several service awards were handed out in May at Manteo 521. Delton Dowdy got his 60-Year honor while Louis Midgett, Benjamin O'Neal, and Warren O'Neal reeled in 50-Year Veteran's awards. More Light. * * * * CHERRYVILLE Russell Wingfield recently gave a program to Cherryville 505 on his visit to the annual communication of the Grand Lodge of Ireland. Newsletter. * * * * GREENSBORO A lot of Brothers never pass off their Master Mason's Catechism. It's easy to let down after all the work done to that point. At P.P. Tuner 746, they're offering a course to those fellows who, after a few years of putting it off, have decided that they'd like to make up for the omission. The lodge will also gain a few members in the pool of potential line officers. Their newsletter reported in May that they had already taken in $1,000 in the first two weeks of their annual drive for the Masonic and Eastern Star Home. P.P. TuRner Lodge #746. Revolution 552 went to the Orphanage in May to have their cookout for the kids. Howard Montgomery headed-up the event as the lodge furnished burgers which the Brothers cooked on their grills. The Bi-Monthly Newsletter. Gate City 694 held its second yard sale in April. They brought in about $3,000. They also held a golf tournament at Monroeton Golf Course in May. Their Horse Show was held in Gibsonville in May. The Trestle Board. * * * * GASTONIA Gastonia 369 celebrated Past Masters' Night at a local restaurant in April. Masonic education programs are going high-tech there. Bill Roberts recently made his presentation by way of video tape. The show was about last year's rededication of the White House cornerstone. The Trestle Board. * * * * MEBANE There will be more than a few tears shed in Mebane in May as Bingham 272 holds its Annual Onion Sale. Several "special people"and other non-members were thanked at an Appreciation Dinner in May. Bingham's News and Views. * * * * RALEIGH Shrimp, flounder, and scallops were the coastal focus as Hiram 40 held its Annual Seafood Banquet in April. Hiram Lodge # 40. * * * * CLIFFSIDE I'm not sure if Cliffside 460 has just started a newsletter, but we have recently seen it for the first time. Keep up the good work, guys. We learn from it that they are doing a little work around the building. There'll be new steps at the back door and vinyl siding for the exterior. Lodge Newsletter. * * * * BREVARD Bob Hinshaw is a past master at Dunn's Rock 267. He also happens to be a past grand master of Ohio. Then Grand Master Ray Norris visited Dunn's Rock in March to present Hinshaw with a lapel pin and a "certificate from the Grand Lodge of NC honoring him with the title of Past Grand Master of NC." Bennett Stansell and Ray Hooper got their 50-Year Veteran's awards in April. The lodge was to hold Public Awareness Night as well as a Pancake Breakfast for charity in May. Dunn's Rock Masonic Lodge. * * * * KINSTON The title "Dad For A Year" can be bought for a mere $35 at St. John's 4. That's the honor you get when you donate that amount to their drive for the Orphanage. Judge Arnold Jones was guest speaker when they hosted their Ladies' Night at a local restaurant. The Trestle Board. * * * * WAYNESVILLE Waynesville Country Club was the place to be in mid-April as Waynesville 259 hosted its Third Annual Golf Tournament. Entry fee was $60 and ladies were welcomed. Waynesville Masonic Bodies. * * * * GARNER Garner 701 promised "a day of fun and games" for those who came out for their lodge picnic in June at Clemmons State Park. The Garner OES and Rainbows came out to lend a hand when the lodge had a work day this spring. They paneled the men's room and stripped, sealed, and polished the floors in the kitchen and dining room. They honored charter members at a May meeting. Garner Lodge #701. * * * * WINSTON-SALEM Congratulations to On The Level at Old Town Lodge as it begins its eighth consecutive year as monthly newsletter for Old Town 751. A tenspot got you a seat on an express bus leaving Old Town for Oxford Orphanage on St. John's Day. On The Level at Old Town Lodge . * * * * SALISBURY 110 Masons were in lodge to celebrate the recent Homecoming of Andrew Jackson 576. Nineteen of their past masters were on hand along with 14 past masters from neighboring areas. Dan Nicholas Park was the site for their Lodge Family Picnic in May. Fun, fellowship, hamburgers, and hot dogs were the promised fare. The Master's Journal. * * * * CHARLOTTE May was the month for Family Steak Night at Charles M. Setzer 693. Charles M. Setzer No. 693. Music and a short talk on Masonry from Fred Brown was planned in May for Widows' Night Supper at Mint Hill 742. They held their Spaghetti Dinner Fund Raiser for charity in April. Mint Hill Lodge No. 742. * * * * HICKORY Hickory 343 held a pancake breakfast in May. The Care Center Building Fund was to get the profits from the effort. They seemed a bit disappointed that they only made $1,800 for that cause last year and want to improve this time. They hosted a group of 20 from Oxford Orphanage in March. Pizza, hot dogs, cookies, and ice cream were enjoyed thanks to several local businesses and Masons. The group was touring the mountains to see the late snowfall there. Hickory Lodge No. 343. * * * * MONROE Truth 749 is instituting a calling committee to get important information out in times of need. Thirty-five preselected Brothers will each have five other members to telephone. It should allow contact with all lodge members in a minimum of time. Trestleboard. * * * * OLD FORT Joppa 401 Master Robert Haskins has asked that all members bring a non-perishable food item to help establish a food bank for relief of needy families. Their lodge made a bus trip the Masonic and Eastern Star Home in May. Joppa is also preparing to hold a yard sale to help defray the costs of work that needs to be done around the lodge building. They're offering pick-up service for things donated to the cause. Joppa Lodge No. 401. * * * * WILMINGTON There is currently a move underway to organize a DeMolay Chapter here. One name mentioned as a contact for those interested in helping set up the young men's club is St. John's 1 Junior Warden John J. Long. More than 100 attended when St. John's 1 held its open house in March. Several of their members invited their ministers. They are considering inviting their Sunday School classes next year. The Trestleboard. Down the road at Wilmington 319, they drew a crowd of 125 for their open house. In May, they held their third annual yard sale as well as Past Masters' Night. The veterans raised three new Masons that night. They are currently in the no fun mode with their new computer. It's data input time, adding all those records to a hard drive. It's rough on the fingers and brain. They are urging members to send telephone numbers to make their information more valuable. The Wilmington Mason. * * * * PAW CREEK West Gate 738 is on a run when it comes to church visiting. They attended a Methodist Church in February and were invited to a Baptist Church in April. Their March Chicken Fry was termed "the most successful" ever. They made an overnight bus trip to St. John's Day celebration at the Orphanage. West Gate Lodge #738. * * * * BLACK MOUNTAIN Sales of new seats for Black Mountain 663 are going briskly. The new seats go for $137.50 each. They'll start installation when the first block of 30 is sold. They are trying to team up with Swannanoa 561 to establish a Funeral Committee. Like many lodges in the state, they have occasional trouble assembling the necessary men to do a funeral service. Black Mountain Masonic Lodge #663. * * * * ASHEBORO Asheboro 699 has started a fraternal assistance fund for Leonard Harrison who "lost his home and everything in it" to fire. Asheboro Lodge No. 699. * * * * WINGATE They better be saving up their energy at Meadow Branch 578. They read ten petitions at a single stated communication in February. Sounds like hard labor may be on the horizon. Trestleboard. * * * * HAYESVILLE Fifty-four theater style seats have replaced the old wooden chairs at Clay 301. They had a nice musical interlude as Robert Wolfsteig, junior deacon there, presented a program entitled "Mozart's Masonic Music." Selections were played during the presentation. Trestle Board. * * * * FRANKLIN A pancake breakfast is the big fund raiser at Junaluskee 145 each year. The event, which was to be held in May, usually makes about 80% of their annual donation to the Home and Orphanage. May is the month for their annual church visitation. They wore aprons as they visited Louisa Chapel, a local United Methodist Church. Junaluskee Lodge. * * * * LAURINBURG The past masters took over the second section of the Third Degree at a March meeting of Laurinburg 305. Their Ham Breakfast Fund-Raiser was held in late May. The Masonic Messenger. * * * * WILSON They seem to do plenty of eating and working at Wilson 712. They announced a pig-picking and Second Degree, pancake and sausage supper, lodge dinner meeting, and a Saturday morning breakfast with Third Degree in April and May. Wilson Lodge #712. * * * * THOMASVILLE The burglar alarm installed at Thomasville 214 may have paid for itself recently when they had a break-in. The culprits got no further than the door before the sirens of the alarm scared them off. Thomasville 214. * * * * EDENTON Unanimity 7 had 15 past masters on hand for Past Masters' Night in March. In addition to running the meeting that night, they all related stories from their early days in the lodge. It brought the younger guys closer to the lodge's history. They've given The Trestle Board a face and improved an already good looking newsletter. The Trestle Board . * * * * SOUTHERN PINES Southern Pines 484 took home the Best Performance Banner from their spring district school of instruction. Southern Pines Lodge #484. * * * * MIDLAND The charities breakfast at Union 618 went so well that they ran out of country ham. Luckily, Ray Rippy's biscuits held out long enough. They'll stock more when they do it again in November. Over $1,600 has been taken in so far from the meal. Their Land/Building Fund Committee has started work. A $100 contribution gets your name on the Century Club Plaque. You get a ruby beside your name for chipping in $500. Union Lodge No. 618. * * * * DUNN Palmyra 147's new lodge building is off to a flying start. Eighty Masons were on hand when they held their first stated communication there on April 6. It was also the site of the Scottish Rite Club's Maundy Thursday and Easter ceremonies. The Eastern Star held its installation there in April. The building will be dedicated in July. Newsletter. * * * * GOLDSBORO Vinyl siding is planned for the lodge building at Goldsboro 634. The building's entry room has a new attraction. Billy Grantham and son John have made a display case for the lodge. It will hold Masonic memorabilia. News Letter. * * * * WASHINGTON Washington 675 begins its 50-Year Anniversary in 1994. Work is underway on a lodge history. Anyone who has a story or picture about the lodge is begged to contact Ric Carter. All original material will be returned unharmed. They had their family picnic at Goose Creek State Park on the Pamlico River in May. Hiking, wading, and horse shoes were among the distractions while the burgers and hot dogs settled. Brothers from Orr 104 helped Durwood Weston clean his lot of debris recently. They were preparing the site where his home was lost to fire at Christmas. Durwood is now in a new home partly thanks to help from local citizens and Masons. "Thanksgiving in April" could be the slogan at Orr. They started early on their usual fall charity drive in hopes that they can get $30 from each member this year. Light From The East. * * * * BUTNER Ben Aiken, the first master of Butner 697, came home for Masonic Awareness Night in March. Aiken shared his memories of the lodge with the 40 members and guests who had dinner that night. Several other speakers also shared messages. Clyde Strictland, Butner 697.
NEWS FROM THE MASONIC AND EASTER STAR HOME FORM TOMMY JONES SUPERINTENDENT Dr. Norman H. Garrett, Jr. Home Physician December 1971April 1993 With the setting of the evening sun on Friday, April 30, another era in the storied 80-year history of the Home came to a close. Brother and Doctor Norman M. Garrett Jr., our beloved, sympathetic, and dedicated home physician, retired after 21 years and 4 months of continuous service. Dr. Garrett is fourth all time among employees in length of time spent in service to the Home. The others are George Bennette, 31 years as superintendent (1930-61); Ada Houchins, 26 years as matron (1918-44); Jesse Forkner, 25 years as farmer and repairman (1929-69, with interruptions in the 40s and 50s). Jesse, age 88, is a resident of the Home. In the first 58 years (1914-1971) of the Home's history, there were 744 residents; during Dr. Garrett's 21 years (1972-1993), there have been 501 residents. A conservative estimate would be that Dr. Garrett made over 5,000 consultations or visits while laboring in the quarries here at the Home. The origins of the quality health care extended to the patients and residents in the Bass Care Center for the past 23 years can be traced to three individuals. Robert W. Bass Jr., PGM, provided the leadership in the 60s for the erection of the building; Ella Payne, the present assistant administrator, served as the director of nursing for 12 years; and Dr. Garrett served as the health director. Chances are we will not see the likes of these three again. Mrs. Payne best described Dr. Garrett's relationship with the patients, residents, and employees at his farewell party when she said: "He was interested in the total person, remembered the details of background, problems-medical, psychological, social, family. He was caring, compassionate, treated with his hands and his heart, understanding, kind but firm, supported a philosophy of wellness and living until you pass away, recognized quality of life rather than quantity, and tried to have each person maintain or improve their highest practicable mental and physical functional status. He was extremely loyal to the Home, interested always in its progress, and never compromised on service. He was humble and called in consultants when needed, but stayed in control. He represented us well in the community, always bragging on our care; and during this time we became known as the best. "Dr. Garrett was our friend. He always encouraged us to do our best. He was a great teacher, always challenging us with questions. He was a team worker, including us with making decisions regarding patient's care, treatment, etc. He welcomed students from Guilford Technical Community College and UNC-G, showing them patients in a geriatric setting on rounds and sharing medical insights and philosophy of care. We respected him greatly for his wisdom and knowledge. He respected the staff and listened to us. The working relationship was very unique and rewarding to all. He came to our monthly staff meetings, even when he had a busy office practice, and contributed greatly with his insight." Dr. Garrett and his wife Becky have three daughters, a son, and several grandchildren. He is a member of Gate City 694 and the Greensboro Valley of Scottish Rite . And so as the last page in another chapter of the history of the Home is written, we wish our dear Brother and friend Godspeed in his retirement. News From the Home Arthur and Elizabeth Teague were here in early May to tour the Home and have lunch. This fine couple who reside in Wilmington had visited Hickory where Arthur was involved with the York Rite Festival. Arthur is a member of Wilmington 319. * * * * * Paul Smith, Master of Steele Creek 737 in Charlotte, his wife Margie, and Allen and Dorothy Estridge, worthy patron and matron of Steele Creek Chapter 339, OES, were here on Thursday, May 6 to tour and have lunch. The Masons and the Stars teamed together, held three fish fries in February, March, and April and, as a result, raised $3,062.71 for the Home. A check was presented to the superintendent. * * * * * Miss Maidaree Cornelius, age 94 and a resident of the Home since 1984, passed away in the Care Center on Saturday, May 8. Although Connie's physical health had gradually declined, her mind was clear, and there was no suffering when the end came. One of her chief characteristics was an aura of cheerfulness that surrounded her at all times. She was recommended to the Home by Davidson Chapter 365, OES and was the adopted resident of Princeton Chapter 364 OES. Burial was at Mount Zion Cemetery in Cornelius. A memorial service was held in the Home Chapel. And so beside the Silent Sea I wait the muffled oar; No harm from Him can come to me On ocean or on shore. Whittier * * * * * Brothers Elwyn Bowman, Steve Falkenbury, and William D. Maness were elected for three-year terms on the Home's Board of Directors at the Grand Lodge Annual Communication in April. They replaced Brothers William B. Bellois, PGM; Jack Ferguson; and Robert Vaughan who served out their three-year terms. * * * * * At the breaking of dawn on Wednesday, May 19 and after 90 years of life in this world, Mrs. Minnie Snipes, a resident of the Home since October, 1979, was called by the Almighty to her Heavenly Home. Minnie was a gracious, cooperative resident. She spent most of her years here in the Care Center. Her mind was clear and she often offered words of encouragement to both patient and employee. She was another of a long list of residents who has set an example by which we should pattern our lives. She was recommended by Hiram 716 in High Point and was adopted by South Mills Chapter 270, OES, and Eastgate Chapter 312, OES. Interment was in Floral Garden Park. A memorial service was held in the Home Chapel. We see but dimly through the mists and vapors, Amid these earthly damps; What seem to us but sad funeral tapers May be heaven's distant lamps. Henry W. Longfellow
GETTYSBURG DEDICATION COMING UP Gettysburg Don't forget that the dedication of the Friend to Friend Masonic Memorial Monument is scheduled for 1:30 p.m. on August 21 at the Gettysburg National Cemetery Annex. If you've thought about a Pennsylvania vacation, this event would make a nice Masonic addition to the trip. Seen above is an artist's conception of the statue atop the monument to be unveiled that day. Confederate General Lewis Armistead is shown handing over his personal effects to Union Captain Henry Bingham. Armistead was wounded and sending the things to old friend, Union Major General Winfield Hancock. All three were Masons.
US CAPITOL TO BE REDEDICATED District of Columbia September 18 will mark the 200th anniversary of the laying of the cornerstone of the United States Capitol. A Cornerstone Bicentennial Committee has been formed by the grand lodges of Maryland, Virginia, and the District of Columbia. This is the same group that staged the 200th anniversary celebration for White House cornerstone last year. More than 3,000 attended that event and an estimated 50 million others saw newscasts. A weekend of events is planned with the cornerstone ceremony to be conducted on Saturday morning. You may contact the Tri-Jurisdictional Cornerstone Bicentennial Committee of the White House and U.S. Capitol at: 5428 MacArthur Blvd., NW Washington, DC 20016 (202) 686-1811
COMPUTERS MAKING MASONIC INROADS The computer is becoming more important by the day. It's not just scientists and businessmen using them nowadays. They're becoming more used in Freemasonry. A Grand Lodge Computer Committee has been formed in New Jersey. The first goal of the committee was to bring computer record keeping on line at the Grand Lodge offices. They now have an office network capable of accessing information from a number of terminals. They next called an open meeting of blue lodge members interested in moving their lodges into the computer age. They formed two regional user groups with volunteers to demonstrate how already available software could be used for lodge business. Much information was gained on what worked for whom, compatibility among computers already in use, what software they already had in common, and so on. The next goal is to produce software for lodge use, a common system for all lodges in the state. Beta sites (testers for the programs) have already been selected. The new software won't be required, but it is meant to supplement that which is already in use. Another goal has already been met. The Grand Lodge is now supplying dues cards preprinted with the member's name. Next on tap is computerization of annual and fiduciary reports of the Grand Lodge. An electronic chapter of the Philalethes Society, Masonry's best known research society, has been authorized. Cornerstone Computer Chapter has been organized on CompuServe under the leadership of Neil Shapiro, a New York Mason. They chose the name in the expectation that similar groups will appear on other communication services. Membership in the electronic chapter is open to any member of Philalethes, whether local or national. You may get information on access to CompuServe by calling (800) 848-8199. Ask for representative 378. Compuserve is a pay service with access to much information besides that on Freemasonry. Enjoy. The New Jersey Freemason and The Minnesota Mason.
NEWS FROM GRAND LODGES AROUND THE WORLD WASHINGTON The Grand Lodge of Washington is considering a couple of changes in the way ritual is performed there. At their 136th Annual Communication , they were to consider adding the word "symbolic" before the word "penalty" in each of the three obligations. They will vote on whether lodges should be allowed the option of imparting lectures to candidates by "class form." Washington Masonic Tribune. * * * * ALBERTA, CANADA Since 1991, Alberta lodges have had COMELY Committees. The committees are responsible to make sure that Masons away from home lodges have access to a lodge. When Brothers from other jurisdiction moves to their area, the committee is to contact that Brother and invite him to attend lodge and affiliate if he wishes. When one of their own leaves home, they contact the jurisdiction he now calls home and have them invite him to visit. Grand Lodge of Alberta Bulletin. * * * * DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA The Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia now has a telephone Hot Line which carries information about blue lodge and Grand Lodge activities. It is updated daily. If you're in the area it's (202) 686-4833. The Voice of Freemasonry. * * * * NORTH DAKOTA Up for consideration at the June annual communication of the Grand Lodge of North Dakota is a measure that would allow lodges to "institute a festive board at the beginning or end of a stated communication." The junior warden would preside over the session which would allow consumption of alcoholic beverages for one hour. Their current bylaws now prohibit a lodge from having more than two stated communications each month. New wording to be considered would change that to "shall convene at least once a month." The North Dakota Mason. * * * * RHODE ISLAND Freemason's Hall was dedicated in early May. It is the new home for the Grand Lodge offices in Providence. Renovations to the old blue lodge hall have been underway for several months. A new job has been created there also Grand Lodge Fund Development Officer. He is charged to help in setting up bequests and other gifts to the grand lodge. Rhode Island Freemason. * * * * SOUTH CAROLINA William D. Longshore, grand master of the Grand Lodge of South Carolina, died less than two weeks before their annual communication. Deputy Grand Master Alfred Allsbrook filled the remaining nine days of his term. Masonic Light. * * * * OREGON Grand Master William Oldham is cross with his lodges. Last year he ordered that every lodge in the state would hold an open house simultaneously. Of the ten he visited during the three hours they were to have their doors open, half were locked and unattended. He issued an early warning about next year's date and times. We hope he doesn't think that sort of problem exists in Oregon alone. The Oregon Masonic Board of Trustees voted to buy the parade float previously used by the Grand Lodge of Washington. The float placed third in last year's Rose Festival Starlight Parade in Portland. The float (36 feet long, 11 feet wide, and 12 feet high) will be available for use around the state. Oregon Masonic News. * * * * PENNSYLVANIA The Second Annual Southeastern Pennsylvania Mason's Night was set for Veteran's Stadium in Philadelphia in early May. A special ceremony was on tap before the baseball game between the Phillies and the Pittsburgh Pirates. The Pennsylvania Freemason. * * * * VIRGINIA Werner Morlock has become the 149th Grand Master of Virginia. He will hold that office for 22 months because of a change of annual communication dates. He urged Masons there to, "Help me light the light of Freemasonry throughout this Commonwealth by your exemplary conduct and your deeds. Walk beside me and be my friend." He has adopted a new program to help Virginia Masons to acquaint their friends with Freemasonry. The "Every Brother Bring a Friend Night" will introduce non-Masons to the basics of the Craft. The Virginia Masonic Herald. * * * * ARIZONA Scottsdale 43 recently recognized Senator Barry Goldwater for his 50 years of public service and 62 years in Masonry. There were several presentations made. Goldwater answered them with, "If you've got one for 80 (years), get it ready. I'm going to live to be 100." His uncle, Morris Goldwater, was grand master of Arizona in 1888. Arizona Masonry. * * * * WISCONSIN The Wisconsin Masonic Foundation and the lodges of that state are in their 14th year of offering financial assistance to college students. So far they have provided $1.6 million to 3,500 students. In another program, 45 health agencies have benefited from the Masonic Medical Foundation's matching funds program. The foundation matches funds from local lodges up to $1,000 for the purchase of health care equipment needed in local communities. More than $150,000 have been disbursed since 1986. The Wisconsin Masonic Journal. * * * * KANSAS At their 137th Annual Communication, the Masons of Kansas refused to change their Grand Lodge meeting date from March to October. They further rejected an attempt to increase the number of voting members at Grand Lodge. They also refused to liberalize third degree proficiency requirements. The Kansas Mason. * * * * NEBRASKA Lodges in Nebraska will be allowed to combine the office of secretary and treasurer if they wish, thanks to a vote at their recent Grand Lodge Annual Communication. Money issues dominated the amendments considered. They defeated an amendment to increase per capita by 50υ to offset increased costs of the quarterly Nebraska Mason. They defeated an amendment to increase per capita by 50υ to support their Masonic- Eastern Star Home for Children. They defeated an amendment to increase per capita by 50υ to prepare for future increases in Grand Lodge operating expenses. However, they passed a 50υ increase to help maintain the George Washington Masonic National Memorial in Alexandria, Virginia. They also refused to eliminate the per diem and mileage for those who attend Grand Lodge. The Nebraska Mason. * * * * MICHIGAN A Grand Lodge Renewal Committee has been established in Michigan. Similar to one in Oklahoma, its job is to "develop a vision for the year 2000" for Masonry in that state. They have determined that "the needs of members today and the needs of the member in the year 2000 have to be met with high quality programs that offer fellowship, involvement with the community, activities with their families, and an active, able leadership." Consultants will be at work this year attempting to forge a strategy for them to reach that vision. The work of the committee is expected to be available to lodges in early 1994. They held their 167th Annual Communication in May. Among the amendments to be considered there will be several money questions and a couple on more basic issues. Per capita may be raised to cope with increased operating expenses of the Grand Lodge. Their budget this year is projected to hit the red. They will also consider an assessment of $1 per capita for a period of two years for funding their Juvenile Diabetes Program. If they vote to approve, lectures (except for the secret work) may soon be given on video or audio tape. Another amendment would allow 18-year-olds to petition for the degrees if they are DeMolay members. From Point to Pointe. * * * * NEW JERSEY The Masons of New Jersey hosted the 15th Annual Masonic Invitational Wheelchair Track and Field Meet in June. Volunteers from DeMolay and Rainbow Girls joined Masons to help make the event one of the "best in the circuit." Back in March, William F. Buff raised all three of his sons on the same night. For all three degrees he served as instructor and examiner for William F. Jr., Robert Luther, and Ernest Lee. He also conferred their Entered Apprentice and Fellowcraft degrees. New Jersey Freemason. * * * * NEW YORK Grand Master of New York Sheldon K. Blank died in April while still holding office. His funeral was attended by 350 Masons. Grand Lodge of New York correspondence.
WORK UNDERWAY FOR ROSE PARADE FLOAT Pasadena, California Freemasonry will be represented in the Rose Parade for the third straight year in the 1994. In years past, music and aviation have been the float themes. Next year our history will be emphasized when "Builders of Democracy" is the theme for the New Year's Day parade. Masons in California will again sponsor the entry which features a 16-foot high square and compasses. Other symbols and tools of Masonry will also be represented on the 55-foot long flowered float. There will be an open book representing the 75th anniversary of DeMolay. A large globe at the center denotes the universality and scope of the family of Freemasonry. Garden areas on the float will be made of roses, orchids, gladiolus, iris, gerberas, and carnations. The symbols and tools will be covered with bark, seed, strawflowers, and eucalyptus. The theme will be supported by a rider representing George Washington. Nicholai Filip, grand master of Romania, will be on board. The International Master Councilor of DeMolay will ride at the front. An estimated 400 million people worldwide see the parade on television and in person. If you'd like to help, you can send contributions to Robert C. Coe, P.O. Box 3377, Arcadia, CA 91066- 3377. If you want a memento of the occasion, pins are available in several forms and price ranges. Some pins from past editions are still available at prices ranging from $5 to $100. For more information write to Gaylord V. Roten, Los Angeles Scottish Rite, 4357 Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90010.
WANTED: GEORGE WASHINGTON LOOK-ALIKE If you think you bear a resemblance to George Washington, you are invited to send your photograph to Stanley Channon, Chairman of the Masonic Float Committee, 2361 Daventry Rd., Riverside, CA 92506. The winner will be selected to ride on the "Family of Freemasonry" float in the Tournament of Roses Parade to help depict the "Builders of Democracy" theme. You may wear a white wig in the photo to help demonstrate your similarity to the famed American President and Mason. "It's a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity, so don't delay sending in your picture," said Channon. Entry is limited to Masons.
FRATERNAL CAMPING Do you enjoy camping? National Camping Travelers, Inc. is a national Masonic camping club. It "holds national and district rallies, provides newsletters, exchanges information on camping, and provides expanded opportunities for fellowship and recreation." For more information contact: Raymond Etheridge 418 East Deway Malakoff, TX 75148. Membership is limited to Masons and their families. The Oklahoma Mason.
BROTHERLY SOLACE DURING AN UNCIVIL WAR The American Civil War was fought between the Northern and Southern states of the United States of America from 1861 to 1865. Its causes were varied, but the underlying reasons for the tragedy that unfolded were: disagreement over whether slavery should be extended into the newly emerging States of the Union; jealousy among various states, particularly those in the South, over the doctrine of "States' Rights"; and characteristic differences between an industrialised north and a rural south. In November, 1860 the United States was in the midst of elections. Abraham Lincoln was standing for the Republicans and candidates for the Democrats included at least two Freemasons, John C. Breckinridge (Southern Democrats) and Stephen Douglas (Northern Democrats). Abraham Lincoln won that historic election, but many Southern states saw his policies as being in direct conflict with their own points of view. With civil war a distinct possibility, Grand Lodges throughout the nation communicated with one another and the members of their respective jurisdictions in an attempt to diffuse the looming conflict. SECESSION SPARKS CONFLICT On 20 December, 1860 the State of South Carolina announced it would secede and become a separate republic. The Federal Government's response to this bold move was to immediately call on various States to send troops to suppress the South Carolinians. Six Southern states promptly refused to comply. They too seceded and joining with South Carolina, formed The Confederate States of America, with Mississippian Jefferson Davis as their President. (Two of the seven Governors were Freemasons: John Ellis of North Carolina and Isham Harris from Tennessee). Some six weeks later a Peace Convention was held on 4 February, 1861, with both sides in attendance. It hoped to put an end to the dangerous situation, but it failed. Notable Freemasons at that meeting were John Crittenden and Stephen Douglas of Kentucky, and Robert Toombs from Georgia. By April, a crisis began to develop in South Carolina. Against the wishes of the Confederate States, Federal troops continued to occupy Fort Sumter, an island fortress in Charleston's harbour. The fort's Commander was Brother Major Robert Anderson, a member of a New Jersey Lodge, Mercer 50. Opposing him were Confederate forces manning Charleston's defences, led by Brother Pierre Beauregarde of Lousiana, who was under orders to open fire if the fort was not surrendered. At 4:30 a.m. on 12 April, 1861 the Confederate batteries commenced the bombardment of Fort Sumter. The national flag, which was flying over the fort, was struck by shot during the attack and fell to the parade ground. It was immediately gathered up by Brother Peter Hart, Park Lodge 516, New York who crawled up the flagstaff and nailed the colours to it. Seeing this, the Confederates ceased firing and gave him a hearty cheer in recognition of his act of bravery. Eventually, Major Anderson surrendered the fort and was feted as a hero by the Confederates in Charleston. Soon after, Anderson and the remnants of his brave garrison were returned to the Federal Government. President Lincoln issued a call for 75,000 troops to crush the insurrection, but his order prompted four more Southern States to join the Confederacy. The following month, May, 1861, the Grand Lodge of Tennessee sent a communication to all American Grand Lodges in an effort to find a solution to the situation. But it was too late the Nation was already caught up in the whirlwind of war. WAR IS DECLARED In July, Federal troops invaded Virginia culminating in Bull Run, the first land battle of the Civil War. Out of this battle emerged a hero, whose name was to live forever more in military annals "Stonewall" Jackson. Jackson was given his famous nickname by a Freemason. During early action at Bull Run the battle had not been going well for the Confederates who were being sorely pressed by the Federal troops. Brother General Bernard Bee, an Alabama Freemason, was attempting to rally his battered brigade against the advancing Federals. Behind him, on Henry House Hill, stood Colonel Thomas Jackson's brigade of Virginians, waiting to meet the Federal onslaught. General Bee fell from his horse mortally wounded. Raising himself off the ground he pointed to Jackson's brigade and cried out "There stands Jackson like a stone wall rally behind the Virginians!" Seizing the moment, Jackson attacked and defeated the Federals. Later to be appointed a General, Jackson carried the title "Stonewall" for the rest of his life. After the battle, a Boston journalist, also a Freemason, entered a Confederate field hospital to be confronted with the sickening sight of wounded and mangled bodies screaming for attention from the surgeons. Among them he saw a wounded Federal soldier in great pain and crying out for medical assistance for his severe wounds. In desperation the soldier gave the Masonic sign of distress, which was immediately recognised. He received prompt attention to his wounds and it is said he later passed through to the Federal lines under a truce agreement.
There are many other interesting stories about the Civil War that involved either individual Freemasons or some aspect of the Craft.
A battle took place around the Masonic College at Lexington, Missouri. The Confederates were commanded by Brother General Sterling Price. Among the Federal soldiers killed in this action was Brother Benjamin Grover, past grand master, Missouri.
In August, 1861 a Company of the 1st Iowa Infantry was guarding a railroad bridge near the town of Mozielle Mill. Alerted by Federal agents of a possible attack on the bridge by Confederate guerrillas, the troops were ready for it and quickly captured them. Taken into town, the guerrillas were court-martialled and consequently sentenced to death. The next morning the prisoners were marched to the outskirts of town, where they were to be executed by firing squad. As they made their way a young woman tried unsuccessfully to drag one of the prisoners, a lad of 13, away from the guards. On reaching the site the troops were paraded, while the prisoners were being prepared for execution. As an officer approached the prisoners, the young woman suddenly raced forward and threw herself in front of the 13-year-old prisoner. It was her brother. She pleaded for his life but to no avail. An officer tried to restrain her but in the scuffle that ensued she accidentally tore the sleeve of his coat, revealing an embroidered square and compasses. On seeing this, she released her grip and gave the Entered Apprentice, Fellowcraft, and Master Mason signs. One can only imagine the looks of amazement that must have appeared on the faces of any Freemasons among the bystanders and assembled troops. A number of officers, members of the Craft, came forward and questioned the girl about the Three Degrees. She "proved" herself on each of them. The execution was held over and reports show that, somehow, the young prisoner escaped during the night.
The US Federal Army is known to have had at least 94 "Travelling Lodges" attached to various of its regiments. (The Confederates had 150.) These Lodges used special warrants enabling them to hold meetings where and when they saw fit. 'Travelling Lodges' were particularly active prior to the Civil War. For example, the records of Rocky Mountain 205, warranted by the Grand Lodge of Missouri, show that in just one period March December, 1859, it initiated 54 candidates. Rocky Mountain also stands as an example of the divided political opinions that existed in the country. At the outbreak of war in 1861, the Lodge's senior warden, Henry Heth, joined the Confederate Army while the master, John C. Robinson, remained to become a General in the Federal Army. About 11% of the members of the Federal Armed Services were Freemasons, and of the Confederates, approximately 12%.
During the battle of Douglas Church, which took place in April, 1863, Captain Gray, a Georgia Freemason, was ordered to attack the Federal troops and to take no prisoners. During the melee he raised his pistol at a Northern trooper who, realising the hopelessness of his situation, gave a Masonic sign. Disobeying his Colonel's orders, Gray escorted the captured soldier to safety at the rear of the Confederate lines.
The Grand Lodge of West Virginia was formed as a direct result of the Civil War. Although Virginia had joined the Confederacy, several of its western counties remained loyal to the Federal Government. Despite this, the Lodges in these counties remained working under the Grand Lodge of Virginia right throughout the war. This situation continued, even though those western counties were formed into the State of Western Virginia in 1864 a year before the war ended. But at the end of hostilities, eight Lodges then met and formed the Grand Lodge of West Virginia.
Many thousands of men, on both sides, became prisoners-of- war. Naturally, there were Freemasons among their numbers. In many of the POW camps brethren formed Masonic Associations to assist each other and the other prisoners. One such group was active in the Johnston's Island Prison Camp. Among the thousands of Confederate prisoners held here, some 600 brethren formed a Masonic Association. It held lodge meetings, as well as conducting benefit nights and a debating society. Since many of the prisoners could neither read nor write, the Masonic group established an educational program on their behalf.
Freemasons also took care of brethren who had fallen in battle ensuring that their mortal remains were given a Masonic funeral. Brother Lt. Commander J. E. Hart, US Navy, was in charge of the gunboat Albatross, then shelling Confederate positions along the Mississippi River. Taken ill with fever, he became delirious and died. His executive officer, Brother Theo Dubois, set about arranging a Masonic funeral for him. Under a flag of truce, he rowed across to the Confederates on the banks of the river at St. Francisville, Louisiana. He was met by two Confederate soldiers, Samuel and Benjamin White both of whom were Freemasons. On explaining the situation, Dubois was taken to meet with Brother William Leake, the senior warden of St. Francisville Lodge, who then organised the funeral service. On 13 June, 1864 Brother Hart's remains were buried with full Masonic rites in a service attended both by Confederate and Federal brethren. To this day, the grave site is maintained by Louisiana Freemasons.
Brother Captain Rankin, a Freemason from Mississippi, was killed as he led his Company in an attack on Federal positions at Atlanta. Due to the ferocity of the battle, his men had to retreat before they could retrieve his body. As night fell, Confederate Freemasons heard a familiar hymn being sung in the Federal lines. Those who knew the words took it up. Some time later, a Yankee officer, bearing the personal belongings of Brother Rankin, entered the Confederate lines under a flag of truce and brought the news that the deceased brother had been interred with full Masonic rites.
The Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (1-3 July, 1863) was the greatest land battle ever fought on the American continent. Over 60,000 men died during those three days. During the battle, a Confederate officer, Brother Lt. Stephen Brown, 76 Lodge, Vermont, was found to be intoxicated on duty and was placed under arrest, pending a court-martial. His accoutrements were removed and placed in a baggage wagon. Soon after this event took place, the leading elements of the Federal Army encountered General Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army advancing towards Gettysburg. Because of the urgency of the situation Brother Brown was released to command his unit on the orders of Brother General George Stannard, Franklin Lodge 4, Vermont. But Brown could not locate the baggage wagon containing his weapons. Finding a tomahawk on the side of the road, he took it with him into battle. The advance party of General Lee's Army was commanded by Brother General Henry Heth who, as mentioned previously, had been the senior warden of Rocky Mountain Lodge 205, Missouri, attached to a Federal Army regiment. On the final day of the Battle of Gettysburg, Lee sent a division of Confederate infantry up Cemetery Ridge in an attempt to smash the Federal lines. That ill-fated division, commanded by Brother General George Pickett, a Virginia Freemason, was destroyed within an hour. Two of his brigadier-generals, Armstead and Kemper, were also in the Craft. Gettysburg was a disastrous defeat for the Confederates, from which the South never recovered.
On 9 April, 1865 General Robert E. Lee surrendered his battered "Army of North Virginia" to General Ulysses S. Grant in the small village of Appomattox Court House. Brother Colonel Ely Parker, a full blood American Indian on Grant's staff wrote the surrender documents. Five days later, President Lincoln was assassinated. Into his place stepped Brother Andrew Johnson from Tennessee. By May, 1865 all Confederate troops had surrendered and the South was occupied by the Federal Army. With it came the Travelling Lodges that met with existing lodges in the towns in which they were garrisoned. On cessation of hostilities, Freemasons in the North organised relief to aid the war ravaged South. Many 'Lodges of Relief' were organised to assist brethren in distress. Throughout the war the United States was, to quote Abraham Lincoln, "a House divided against Itself". Even so, it can be seen that throughout this tragic and terrible period in American history, Freemasons on both sides were united in their commitment to Masonic principles.
By Stuart Duff. He is a foundation member of the American Civil War Round Table of Australia and served as its president for several years. He has studied this period of American history for some thirty years and is a collector of memorabilia and publications about the Civil War. Published in The Victorian Freemason, Volume 11, Number 3, Summer, 1993.
THE BETTER READ MASON REVIEW OF SOUTHERN BAPTIST REPORT AND JOHN ROBINSON'S NEWEST BOOK Since the Southern Baptist Convention decided to examine Freemasonry and its relationship to their church, there've been a library full of books mentioned in connection with the study. The two we examine here are among the most recent and perhaps most directly connected to the case: John Robinson's A Pilgrim's Path and Southern Baptist Convention's A Study of Freemasonry. Both give the fraternity careful consideration and offer opinions on where we should be headed. They have much in common and reach many of the same conclusions. Well, sort of the same conclusions. Robinson's A Pilgrim's Path relates the tale of his personal discovery of Freemasonry and his path to membership. His journey began as he researched the Peasant's Rebellion of England's 14th century. He kept stumbling across Freemasonry until he finally devoted his study to it. The result, published in 1989, was Born In Blood. He theorized that Freemasonry's origins lay in the dissolution of the Knights Templar. For those who haven't read Born In Blood, A Pilgrim's Path offers a concise summary of the argument. That alone is worth the price if you don't intend to read the earlier volume. But, we hardily recommend both. In answer to a couple of requests, Robinson did some radio talk shows. He suffered through many criticisms of Masonry as he defended our fraternity on call in shows. He used his position as a non-Mason to develop a scholar's approach to looking at Masonry. One thing led to another and another until John Robinson was one of the foremost spokesmen for the Craft. He has probably spoken to more Masonic gatherings than anyone else in history. His journey from researcher to Mason is recounted in the first half of this volume. He also takes on the charges of anti-Masonic religious zealots. He has sections on several specific critics, including Pat Robertson, and Larry Holly of the Southern Baptist Convention. Many of the charges against our group are shared by various attackers. These questions are addressed and answered with authority. In the second half of the book he takes on Masons and our preconceptions of how we do business. As an outsider, he offers a good many criticisms of our methods. His suggestions for rejuvenating the Craft are worth our consideration. He speaks to many of the bad habits we have developed over the years. He speaks of our often undue secrecy in matters not considered secret by the institution. He deals with bringing life back to our lodges. He urges us to the pride we should show in being Freemasons. While we regret A Pilgrim's Path's lack of a decent bibliography for further reading, it's still one very good place to start your Masonic education. If you're already well read, you'll want these concise opinions in your collection. Books addressing Masonry today are not plentiful. Enjoy this one. A Pilgrim's Path is available from the Masonic Service Association, Department M E, 8120 Fenton Street, Silver Spring, MD 20910-4785. The $11.95 cost includes postage and handling. The Interfaith Witness Department's A Study of Freemasonry is the culmination of several years agitating by extreme fundamentalists within the Southern Baptist Convention. The Convention has been at odds with itself for more than ten years as moderates and fundamentalists battle for control. You can see that struggle in the uneven read of the study. Let's start right off with the decision offered by the report. Nothing has changed "In light of the fact that many tenets and teachings of Freemasonry are not compatible with Christianity and Southern Baptist doctrine, while others are compatible with Christianity and Southern Baptist doctrine membership in a Masonic Order [is] a matter of personal conscience." It is reported that the "many" comment was added by the committee that reviewed the report. The document's formation was marred by controversy when its chief architect was removed from his post after he consulted with Masons on its form. By reading the full report, you can see the manipulation of the more radical wing of the denomination. Changes recounted in other sources are easy to see. Each chapter of the 75-page report considers one of the questions or charges about Freemasonry. Each discussion is followed by a list of "Conclusions." These "conclusions" are one to five points in bold type purporting to summarize the chapter. In several instances, one can read the hand of a committee that was not necessarily concerned with the evidence given. They read more like statements expected from anti-Masons. Perhaps the Home Missions Board was anxious to avoid any further agitation from anti- Masons. Is the report positive for Freemasonry? Yes, if you disregard the comments in bold type presented in the Study. Most of the charges made against us by others are refuted. The complaints they lodge against us are mostly ones of semantics. They worry about our use of archaic words and phrases which can be misunderstood. They find disconcerting our use of the words temple, light, and worshipful master, as well as some more obtuse names known mostly to Biblical scholars. The things they find most worrisome about Freemasonry are those things probably least noticed by the average man or Mason. Do one in a thousand Masons or Southern Baptists ever remember having heard the word "Jah-Bul-On." This word is an example of the things which the study purports to find as a problem with our fraternity. Should you get a copy of this report? Yes, by all means. You can use it as a authoritative source to counter many of the charges made against Freemasonry. Just be sure to read the whole thing and draw your own conclusions. Don't rely on those tacked on at the end of the sections. Without them, the report seems to be a reasonable and fair investigation. To get a copy of the report call 1 (800) 634-2462, the customer service number for the Home Missions Board. It costs $6 plus $1.56 for shipping and handling.
EDITORIAL IT'S TIME TO MOVE ON None of us enjoy being criticized. We have a natural tendency to anger when we hear someone condemn something we care for. We've faced that for the year since the Southern Baptist Convention made and examined accusations about Freemasonry. Divisiveness is a tool and illness of our time. Some politicians and salesmen use our fears and encourage new fears in us for their own profit. The creation of discord is deplored by any group teaching "the brotherhood of man." Intolerance and hate seem to be gaining favor. These also are unacceptable to those who espouse "universal benevolence." Radical religious fundamentalists and others fear education and individual thought. They offer to simplify our lives. They are happy to do all the thinking for us. Throughout its history, Freemasonry has championed learning urging us to study the arts and sciences. Those who play upon our fears cannot tolerate Masonry's acceptance of people with divergent beliefs and experiences. Their intolerance is their method of trying to control people. The Southern Baptist Convention, has suffered at the hands of radical fundamentalists for years now as the ultra-conservatives divided their denomination in an effort to change the basic tenets of the Convention. A group that once stressed learning and study has now destroyed the intellectual and journalistic integrity of many of its institutions, seminaries, and publications. Many community churches have been torn apart by the same fight to govern minds. Larry Holly reportedly played the role of divider in several churches in his home state of Texas. When and how his hatred for Freemasonry began, we don't know, but he has attempted to bring the same discord to our fraternity. He charged the Craft with being a "satanic organization." After several attempts, he forced an examination of Freemasonry by the Southern Baptist Convention, asking for a condemnation of our fraternity. The report returned by the Interfaith Witness Department left things as they were: Each individual should decide for himself whether or not he should become a Mason. Holly rejected the full report as a "whitewash." He was not on the floor of the annual meeting of the Convention to oppose the Report. The Report was quickly accepted. No further motions were allowed from the floor. The Baptists seem ready to move on to other subjects. Since the Southern Baptist study was authorized, it has dominated the national agenda of Freemasonry. For more than a year, fanatics and radicals have played upon our fears and dominated our dialog. That's much too long. We'll never win everyone over to our thinking. Small, frightened minds will never accept those who trust the individual or preach tolerance. Ignorance will always reject those who recommend education. Perhaps we should take their direction of the moderate majority of Baptists and move on to other, more important topics. We should learn some lessons from this experience. We cannot hide behind the secrecy of part of our ritual. We must let ourselves be known in our communities for our outlook on the world. We must have pride in what we are, and make that pride visible. A prominent, positive image in our communities should be the light that illuminates the dark charges of ignorance and fear. It's time to move on.