- Operation 911- No Suicide
By Carol A. Valentine
Curator, Waco Holocaust Electronic Museum
- There were no "suicide" pilots on those
September 11 jets. The jets were controlled by advanced robotics and
remote-control technology, not hijackers. Fantastic? Before I explain,
read about the history-making robot/remote-controlled jet plane.
- GLOBAL HAWK: NOW YOU HAVE IT...
- The Northrop Grumman Global Hawk is a robotized
American military jet that has a wingspan of a Boeing 737. The
excerpts below were taken from an article entitled: "Robot plane
flies Pacific unmanned," which appeared in the April 24, 2001
edition of Britain's International Television News:
- "The aircraft essentially flies itself, right
from takeoff, right through to landing, and even taxiing off the
runway," according to the Australian Global Hawk manager Rod
- A robot plane has made aviation history by becoming
the first unmanned aircraft to fly across the Pacific Ocean.
- The American high-altitude Global Hawk spy plane
made flew (sic) across the ocean to Australia, defence officials
- The Global Hawk, a jet-powered aircraft with a
wingspan equivalent to a Boeing 737 [NOTE: two of the aircraft
involved in the 911 crashes were Boeing 757s, two were Boeing 767s]
flew from Edwards Air Force Base in California and landed late on
Monday at the Royal Australian Air Force base at Edinburgh, in South
Australia state. . . .
- It flies along a pre-programmed flight path, but a
pilot monitors the aircraft during its flight via a sensor suite which
provides infra-red and visual images. (http://www.itn.co.uk/news/20010424/world/05robotplane.shtm)
- ... AND NOW YOU DON'T -
- Then, on September 20, 2001, The Economist published
comments from a former boss of British Airways, Robert Ayling:
- On autopilot into the future "Robert Ayling, a
former boss of British Airways, suggested in The Financial Times this
week that aircraft could be commandeered from the ground and
controlled remotely in the event of a hijack ... (as quoted by KC <firstname.lastname@example.org>
on alt.current-events.wtc explosion).
- So, even though the ITN article was published on
April 24, in September, after the 911 crashes, Mr. Ayling is
PRETENDING Global Hawk technology is a thing of the future.
- THEN THE NEW YORK TIMES RAN THIS:
- . . . In addition, the president [President Bush]
said he would give grants to airlines to allow them to develop
stronger cockpit doors and transponders that cannot be switched off
from the cockpit. Government grants would also be available to pay for
video monitors that would be placed in the cockpit to alert pilots to
trouble in the cabin; and new technology, probably far in the future,
allowing air traffic controllers to land distressed planes by remote
control. ("Bush to Increase Federal Role in Security at
Airports," The New York Times, Sept. 28, 2001; emphasis added.)
- So, then, right after Operation 911 was pulled off,
two men of world influence were pretending such technology had not yet
been perfected. That was dishonest. And revealing.
- Run a Google Advanced Search on the phrase
"Global Hawk," and you will find additional information.
Meanwhile, I have attached the text of the ITN article at the end of
- Technically speaking, we could have a
"suicidal" airplane fly into a building without a suicidal
pilot. Robotics and remote control technology has developed to the
point that a high-altitude Global Hawk (or a low-altitude Tomahawk
cruise missile) can be guided into collision with a target without a
Kamikaze pilot in the cockpit.
- America And Its Allies Would Never Attack America!
Now, hold it there! This is US military technology. We all surely know
that the US and its allies would not conspire to attack America! Or do
- The Army's School of Advanced Military Studies (SAMS
) thinks Israel is capable of doing exactly that. On September 10,
2001, The Washington Times ran a front page story which quoted SAMS
- "Of the Mossad, the Israeli intelligence
service, the SAMS officers say: 'Wildcard. Ruthless and cunning. Has
capability to target US forces and make it look like a
Palestinian/Arab act.'" ("US troops would enforce peace
under Army study," The Washington Times, Sept.. 10, 2001, pg. A1,
9.) Just 24 hours after this story appeared, the Pentagon was hit and
the Arabs were being blamed.
- These SAMS officers are obviously interested in
protecting their country, but not all Americans are. Some are traitors
and pay allegiance to Israel. Recall the June 8, 1967, Israeli attack
on the USS Liberty, and American complicity in the attack.
- During the Six Day War, the Liberty, an American
intelligence gathering ship, was sailing in international waters.
Israeli aircraft and torpedo boats attacked it for 75 minutes. http://ennes.org/jim/ussliberty/
- When four US fighter jets from a nearby aircraft
carrier came to protect the Liberty, US Defense Secretary Robert
McNamara ordered the jets NOT to come to the Liberty's aid, and
allowed the Israeli attack to continue. Thirty-fourAmericans were
killed and 171 wounded. http://ennes.org/jim/ussliberty/chapter6.htm
- Now consider Operation Northwoods: In 1962, US
military leaders designed a plan to conduct terrorist acts against
Americans and blame Cuba, to create popular sentiment for invasion of
that country. Operation Northwoods included: * Plans to shoot down a
CIA plane designed to replicate a passenger flight and announce that
Cuban forces shot it down.
- * Creation of military casualties by blowing up a US
ship in Guantanamo Bay and blaming Cuba: "....casualty lists in
the US newspapers would cause a helpful wave of national
- * Development of a terror campaign in the Miami and
Washington, DC. Information on Operation Northwoods can be found in
James Bamford's Body of Secrets, (Doubleday, 2001), and at the
- In other words, US allies and people within the US
military establishment are not opposed to killing American servicemen
and civilians, given the right goal.
- WHY TAKE CHANCES?
- Put yourself in the shoes of the masterminds of
Operation 911. The attacks had to be tightly coordinated. Four jets
took off within 15 minutes of each other at Boston, Dulles, and Newark
airports, and roughly two hours later, it was over. The masterminds
couldn't afford to take needless chances.
- Years ago I saw a local TV news reporter interview a
New York mugger about the occupational hazards of his trade.
"It's a very, very dangerous trade," the mugger informed the
interviewer. "Some of these people are crazy! They fight back!
You can get hurt!"
- If a freelance New York mugger realized the
unpredictable nature of human behavior, surely the pros who pulled
this job off must have known the same truth. Yet we are asked to
believe that the culprits took four jet airliners, with four sets of
crew and four sets of passengers -- armed with (depending on the news
reports you read) "knives," "plastic knives" and
box cutters. Given the crazy and unpredictable nature of humans, why
would they try this bold plan when they were so poorly armed?
- A lady's handbag -- given the weight of the contents
most women insist on packing -- is an awesome weapon. I know, I have
used mine in self defense. Are we to believe that none of the women
had the testosterone to knock those flimsy little weapons out of the
hijackers' hands? And what of the briefcases most men carry? Thrown,
those briefcase can be potent weapons. Your ordinary every-day New
York mugger would never take the chances that our culprits took.
- Flight attendant Michelle Heidenberger was on board
Flight 77. She had been "trained to handle a hijacking. She knew
not to let anyone in the cockpit. She knew to tell the hijacker that
she didn't have a key and would have to call the pilots. None of her
training mattered." ( "On flight 77: 'Our Plane Is Being
Hijacked'," The Washington Post, September 12, 2001, pgs. A 1,
- That's right, The Washington Post for once is
telling the whole truth. Heidenberger's training didn't matter, the
pilots' training didn't matter, the ladies handbags didn't matter, the
mens' briefcases didn't matter. The masterminds of Operation 911 knew
that whatever happened aboard those flights, the control of the planes
was in their hands. Even if the crew and passengers fought back, my
hypothesis is that they *could not* have regained control of the
planes, for the planes were being controlled by Global Hawk
- FLIGHT 77 - "The Plane Was Flown With
- Once again: Operation 911 demanded that the attacks
be tightly coordinated. Four jets took off within 15 minutes of each
other at Boston, Dulles, and Newark airports, and roughly two hours
later, it was over. If we are to believe the story we are being told,
the masterminds needed, at an absolute minimum, pilots who could
actually fly the planes and who could arrive at the right place at the
- American Airlines Flight 77, a Boeing 757, took off
from Dulles Airport in northern Virginia at 8:10 a.m. and crashed into
the Pentagon at 9:40 a.m. The Washington Post, September 12, says
this: "Aviation sources said that the plane was flown with
extraordinary skill, making it highly likely that a trained pilot was
at the helm, possibly one of the hijackers. Someone even knew how to
turn off the transponder, a move that is considerably less than
- According to the article, the air traffic
controllers "had time to warn the White House that the jet was
aimed directly at the president's mansion and was traveling at a
gut-wrenching speed--full throttle.
- "But just as the plane seemed to be on a
suicide mission into the White House, the unidentified pilot executed
a pivot so tight that it reminded observers of a fighter jet maneuver.
The plane circled 270 degrees from the right to approach the Pentagon
from the west, whereupon Flight 77 fell below radar level, vanishing
from controller's screens, the sources said." ("On Flight
77: 'Our Plane Is Being Hijacked'," The Washington Post,
September 12, 2001, pgs. 1 & 11)
- MEET ACE SUICIDE PILOT HANI HANJOUR
- Let's look at what we know about the alleged suicide
pilot of American Airlines Flight 77, Hani Hanjour. According to press
reports, Hanjour had used Bowie's Maryland Freeway Airport three times
since mid-August as he attempted to get permission to use one of the
airport's planes. This from The Prince George's Journal [Maryland]
September 18, 2001:
- Marcel Bernard, the chief flight instructor at the
airport, said the man named Hani Hanjour went into the air in a Cessna
172 with instructors from the airport three times beginning the second
week of August and had hoped to rent a plane from the airport.
- According to published reports, law enforcement
sources say Hanjour, in his mid-twenties, is suspected of crashing the
American Airlines Flight 77 into the Pentagon. . . .
- Hanjour had his pilot's license, said Bernard, but
needed what is called a 'check-out' done by the airport to gauge a
pilot's skills before he or she is able to rent a plane at Freeway
Airport which runs parallel to Route 50.
- Instructors at the school told Bernard that after
three times in the air, they still felt he was unable to fly solo and
that Hanjour seemed disappointed ...
- ... Published reports said Hanjour obtained his
pilot's license in April of 1999, but it expired six months later
because he did not complete a required medical exam. He also was
trained for a few months at a private school in Scottsdale, Ariz., in
1996, but did not finish the course because instructors felt he was
- Hanjour had 600 hours listed in his log book,
Bernard said, and instructors were surprised he was not able to fly
better with the amount of experience .S Pete Goulatta, a special agent
and spokesman for the FBI, said it is an on-going criminal
investigation and he could not comment. (pg. 1.)
- If you were the mastermind who planned this
breathtaking terrorist attack, would you trust a man who took 600
hours of flying time and still could not do the job? Who was paying
for Hanjour's lessons, and why?
- Yet this is the man the FBI would have us believe
flew Flight 77 into the Pentagon "with extraordinary skill."
BUY HE COULD NOT EVEN FLY A CESSNA 172 !!
- Yes, maneuvering a Boeing 757 into a 270 degree turn
under tense conditions (remember, the culprits were outmanned and had
crude, non lethal weapons) demanded the skill of a fighter pilot. But
why would those bad, bad, Muslims want to do such a thing?
- By shifting the plane's position so radically,
Flight 77 managed to hit the side of the Pentagon *directly opposite*
the side on which the offices of the Secretary of Defense and Joint
Chief of Staff were located. (Coincidentally, Flight 77 hit the
offices of Army operations (US News and World Report, Sept. 14, 2001,
pg. 25. Recall, it was the Army that warned of the possibility that
Israel's Mossad might make a terror attack against the US.) The
masterminds of Operation 911 were prepared to sacrifice the rank and
file, but carefully avoided touching a hair on the head of the brass.
- It reminds one of Operation Northwoods, doesn't it?
Remember the rank and file sailors who were to be sacrificed on a US
Naval vessel in Guantanamo Bay, in order to justify war with Cuba? No,
neither Hanjour nor any other Muslim suicide pilot was at the controls
of this plane. It had been fitted with Global Hawk technology and was
being remotely controlled.
- LET'S MEET THE OTHER ACES
- According to The Washington Post of 10-19-01:
"Hijack Suspects Tried Many Flight Schools"
- Mohammed Atta, alleged hijacker of Flight 11, and
Marwanal-Al-Shehhi, alleged hijacker of Flight 175, both of which
crashed into the World Trade Center, attended hundreds of hours of
lessons at Huffman Aviation, a flight school in Venice, Florida. They
also took lessons at Jones Aviation Flying Service Inc., which
operates from the Sarasota Bradenton International Airport. According
to the Post, neither experience "worked out."
- A flight instructor at Jones who asked not be
identified said Atta and Al Shehhi arrived in September or October and
asked to be given flight training. Atta, the instructor said, was
particularly difficult. "He would not look at your face,"
the instructor said. "When you talked to him, he could not look
you in the eye. His attention span was very short."
- The instructor said neither man was able to pass a
Stage I rating test to track and intercept. After offering some harsh
words, the instructor said, the two moved on .... "We didn't kick
them out, but they didn't live up to our standards." (page A 15.)
- Or try The Washington Post 1-24-01: "They were
dumb and dumber."
- Alleged hijackers Nawaq Alhazmi (Flight 77), Khaid
Al-Midhar (Flight 77) and Hani Hanjour (Flight 77) all spent time in
San Diego. "Two of the men, Alhazmi and Al-Midhar, also briefly
attended a local fight school, but they were dropped because of their
limited English and incompetence at the controls....
- Last spring, two of the men visited Montgomery
Field, a community airport ... and sought flying lessons. They spoke
to instructors at Sorbi's Flying Club, which allowed them to take only
two lessons before advising them to quit.
- "Their English was horrible, and their
mechanical skills were even worse," said an instructor, who asked
not to be named. "It was like they had hardly even ever driven a
- "They seemed like nice guys," the
instructor said, "but in the plane, they were dumb and
dumber." ("San Diegans See Area as Likely Target," The
Washington Post, September 24, 2001, pg. A7.)
- But the masterminds would not need competent pilots
-- if they had Global Hawk technology.
- MISSING: AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL CONVERSATIONS
- Now, let's look at the contemporaneous media
coverage of Operation 911. Did you notice that during the event and
for weeks after, we heard no excerpts from the conversations between
the air traffic control centers and the pilots of the four aircraft?
- Those conversations are recorded by the air traffic
control centers. Surely those conversations were newsworthy. They
should have been available to the media immediately. Why didn't we
hear them? I believe the answer to this question is simple:
- If we could hear the conversations that took place,
we would hear the airline pilots telling air traffic control that the
controls of their airplanes would not respond. The pilots, of course,
would have no way of knowing that their craft had been fitted with
Global Hawk technology programmed to take over their planes.
- But no, we MUST believe the crashes were the work of
Muslim terrorists. Therefore we were not permitted to hear the news as
it happened. We will have to wait for the FBI/military intelligence
people to cook up doctored and fictional conversations. They will then
serve them to the public through the complicitous mass media and
strategically placed "investigative reporters," and we will
be asked to swallow them. Many of us will. (See The Christian Science
Monitor story discussed below, "Conversations with Flight
- That the airlines cooperated and did whatever the
FBI told them to do is no secret. The Washington Post of September 12,
2001, says this: "Details about who was on Flight 77, when it
took off and what happened on board were tightly held by airline,
airport and security officials last night. All said that the FBI had
asked them not to divulge details."
- Think back to Operation Northwoods in which the
Pentagon considered reporting a bogus passenger airplane being shot
down by a non-existent Cuban fighter jet. The Pentagon was obviously
confident that some airline would go along with the deception. Not
surprising, considering many commercial airline pilots and executives
are former military pilots, and the government controls the airline
industry in many ways. These pilots and executives were trained to do
as they are told, and would be out of a job if they broke the rules.
- Why would the take-off time and the passenger list
be held secret? The passengers, crew, and culprits were all dead. The
relatives must have known that when they heard the news of the
crashes. Flight departure and arrival times had been public knowledge.
The masterminds knew the details of their own plans.
- No, it was the PUBLIC that was being denied
information, and the significant information being denied was the
conversations between the air traffic controllers and the pilots.
Recall that during the Vietnam War, the US "secretly" bombed
Cambodia. The bombing was no secret to the Cambodians. It was only a
secret from the American public, who were paying for the war and may
have objected to the slaughter. And that's the only purpose of the
Operation 911 secrecy: To keep the information from the public.
- COMMUNICATION WITH FLIGHT 11
- American Airlines Flight 11, a Boeing 767, left
Boston at 7:59 a.m. on its way to Los Angeles. It was allegedly
piloted by Mohamed Atta, one of the pilots who couldn't fly, discussed
above. Flight 11 crashed into the north tower of the WTC at 8:45 a.m.
- Boston airport officials said they did not spot the
plane's course until it had crashed, and said the control tower had no
unusual communications with the pilots or any crew member." (The
Washington Post, September 12, 2001, "At Logan Airport, Nobody
Saw Plane's Sharp Turn South," pg. A 10.)
- Sorry, this report is not credible. Airplanes are
tracked constantly. The skies over the US are for too busy for us to
have a lackadaisical attitude.
- Note the date of The Washington Post story:
September 12. Now compare it to the very different story that appeared
a day later, in The Christian Science Monitor:
- An American Airlines pilot stayed at the helm of
hijacked Flight 11 much of the way from Boston to New York, sending
surreptitious radio transmissions to authorities on the ground as he
- Because the pilot's voice was seldom heard in these
covert transmissions, it was not clear to the listening air-traffic
controllers which of the two pilots was flying the Boeing 767. What is
clear is that the pilot was secretly trying to convey to authorities
the flight's desperate situation, according to controllers familiar
with the tense minutes after Flight 11 was hijacked.
- The story goes on to say that the conversations were
overheard by the controllers because the pilot had pushed a
"push-to-talk" button. "When he [the pilot] pushed the
button and the terrorist spoke, we knew. There was this voice that was
threatening the pilot, and it was clearly threatening. During these
transmissions, the pilot's voice and the heavily accented voice of a
hijacker were clearly audible ...."
- There are some logical problems with this account,
of course, not the least of which is that a) we are told the pilot's
voice was seldom heard, b) it was not possible to tell which pilot was
at the controls, and c) during the transmissions the pilot's voice was
- THIS ACCOUNTING IS SPOOK TALK. LET'WS GET TO THE
- All of it was recorded by a Federal Aviation
Administration traffic control center. Those tapes are now presumed to
be in the hands of federal law-enforcement officials, who arrived at
the flight-control facility minutes after Flight 11 crashed into the
World Trade Center. The tapes presumably could provide clues about the
hijackers -- and may become even more important if they plane's 'black
boxes' are damaged or never found. ("Controllers' tale of Flight
11," The Christian Science Monitor, September 13, 2001.)
- So, yes, the same "federal
law-enforcement" machinery that cooked up the David Koresh
negotiation tapes and arranged to destroy the evidence at the Mt.
Carmel Center in the April 19 inferno will be handling these records,
- FLIGHT 175
- The Washington Post reported a similar story for
United Airlines Flight 175, which crashed into the south tower of the
World Trade Center tower at 9:06 a.m.
- Less than 30 minutes into a journey that was to have
taken six hours, Flight 175 took a sharp turn south into central New
Jersey, near Trenton, an unusual diversion for a plane heading west,
airline employees said. It then headed directly toward Manhattan.
- Somewhere between Philadelphia and Newark--less than
90 minutes from Manhattan--the aircraft made its final radar contact,
according to a statement released by United Airlines. (The Washington
Post, "Everything Seemed Normal When They Left' Boston
Airport," September 12, 2001, pg. A10.)
- Once again, there was no contemporaneous, detailed,
first hand information from the air traffic controllers about
communication from the air traffic controllers.
- Of course the controls would not respond to manual
directions if they were under the control of Global Hawk.
- FLIGHT 11 AND FLIGHT 175: HIJACKER PASSPORTS
- We have just mentioned the distinct possibility that
the masterminds of Operation 911 will manufacture evidence. Well, here
is a CNN story for your consideration:
- In New York, several blocks from the ruins of the
World Trade Center, a passport authorities said belonged to one of the
hijackers was discovered a few days ago, according to city Police
Commissioner Bernard Kerik. That has prompted the FBI and police to
widen the search area beyond the immediate crash site. ("Leaders
urge 'normal' Monday after week of terror ..., September 16, 2001
Posted: 7:07 p.m. EDT (2307 GMT) http://www.cnn.com/2001/US/09/16/gen.america.under.attack/
- We are asked to believe that one of the hijackers
brought his passport with him on a domestic fight, even though he knew
he would not need it then, or ever again; that upon impact the
passport flew from the hijacker's pocket (or was he holding it in his
hands?), that the passport flew out of the aircraft, that it flew out
of the burning tower, and that it was carried by the air currents and
landed safely, where it could be discovered, several blocks away ...
LAWD, WHO WRITES THIS STUFF?
- FLIGHT 93
- United Airlines Flight 93, a Boeing 757, was
scheduled to leave Newark Airport at 8:01 a.m. for San Francisco. We
are told it crashed into an abandoned coal mine near Shanksville,
Pennsylvania, at 10:37 a.m., one hour and 50 minutes after the first
World Trade Center tower was hit.
- Without a doubt, Flight 93 was shot down. The first
TV network reports said exactly that: Flight 93 had been shot down by
a military jet. That information even made it into the print media.
- Local residents said they had seen a second plane in
the area, possibly an F-16 fighter, and burning debris falling from
the sky. [FBI Agent] Crowley said investigators had determined that
two other planes were nearby but didn't know if either was military.
("Stories swirl around Pa. crash; black box found," USA
Today, September 14, 2001.)
- Pieces of the wreckage have been found as far away
as New Baltimore, about eight miles from the crash site. When the
eastbound plane crashed, a 9-knot wind was blowing from the southeast,
[FBI Agent] Crowley said. ("Bereaved may visit Flight 93
site," Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, Friday, September 14, 2001.)
- On September 11, "[r]esidents and workers at
businesses outside Shanksville, Somerset County, reported discovering
clothing, books, papers, and what appear to be human remains. Some
residents said they collected bags-full of items to be turned over to
investigators. Others reported what appeared to be crash debris
floating in Indian Lake, nearly six miles from the crash site."
("Investigators locate 'black box' from Flight 93; widen search
area in Somerset crash," [Pittsburgh] Post Gazette, September 13,
- The Washington Post reported that, just as
Congressional leaders were discussing shooting the plane down, they
learned it had crashed. ("Jetliner Was Diverted Toward Washington
Before Crash in Pa," Sept. 12, 2001, pg. A10.) The North American
Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) and the FBI denied that the plane
had been shot down.
- The FBI blamed the spread of debris over an 8-mile
area on a 10 mph wind that was blowing at the time. Of the debris,
TIME Magazine of September 11 says: "The largest pieces of the
plane still extant are barely bigger than a telephone book."
(Pages in this edition are not numbered: this quote appears on what
should be pg. 40).
- Planes that crash do not disintegrate in this
manner. However, the assertion that the hijackers had a bomb on board,
and the bomb exploded, might provide an explanation for the
- There is a problem with this story, however:
Hijackers who planned to crash the plane into the Capitol would not
want, or need, a bomb. In fact, a bomb might be counterproductive:
Suppose it went off before hitting the plane hit the Capitol? The
mission would be ruined. Bringing a bomb on board would greatly
increase chances the hijacker who carried the bomb would be detected
when boarding. And it's hard to imagine why hijackers would mutilate
and dismember passengers with plastic knives and box cutters when they
were planning to blow them up, anyway. No, the bomb story does not
wash. You can read one such story at: http://www.msnbc.com/news/632626.asp
- MORE MISSING AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL CONVERSATIONS
- According to a an ABC news report by Peter Dizikes
on September 13: "Federal Aviation Administration data shows
Flight 93 followed its normal flight plan until it neared Cleveland,
where the plane took a hard turn south.
- "That marks the point at which the plane must
have been hijacked, investigators say. Then it took a turn east."
- Note that the investigators used the phrase
"must have been" hijacked. Didn't they know? Weren't the air
traffic controllers in touch with the pilots? But the direction
changes with the next paragraph:
- ABC-TV NEWS has learned that shortly before the
plane changed directions, someone in the cockpit radioed in and asked
the FAA for a new flight plan, with a final destination of Washington.
- Now, THAT conversation must have been interesting!
You can imagine the response of the air traffic controller:
"Excuse me? Flight 93, you're in the middle of a scheduled trip
to San Francisco, but you're just changed your mind and want to spend
the day in Washington? Please explain."
- According to an MSNBC story of September 22, 2001,
Flight 93 was late taking off, and did not make its way down the
runway until 8:41 a.m. ("The Final Moments of Flight 93"
- It was aloft for almost two hours, crashing at 10:37
a.m. Making a rough estimate from the distances traveled and the time
in the air (see TIME Magazine, September 11, "The Paths of
Destruction" ), Flight 93 went off course sometime between 9:45
a.m. and 10:00 a.m. Recall that both towers had been hit by 9:06 a.m.,
and the New York airports had been closed since 9:17 a.m. It would
have been impossible for an air traffic controller on duty between
9:45--10:00 a.m. not to know that commercial air traffic in the US was
in a dire emergency from "suicide planes."
- And now Flight 93 calls in, asking permission to do
a U-turn, fly east an hour and a half, and land in Washington DC ???
What, the pilot was nervous and didn't know there were airports in the